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名师经验:有效提升儿童幼升小计算能力的具体方法

来源:小学教育网 人气: 发布时间:2018-12-10
一年级至少要会20以内的加减法,而且大部分孩子都会50以内的加减法,甚至有学校如果孩子们大部分都会50以内的加减法,会很快过渡到100以内加减法。在这短短的几个月里,到底怎样帮助孩子提高计算能力呢?

趣发彩票 SUIZHEHAIZIJINRUDABAN,YOUSHENGXIAODEZHUNBEIGONGZUOYEBEITISHANGFUMUMENTISHANGGONGZUOJIHUADEYICHENG。ZUIJINCHANGCHANGYOUFUMULIAOQI,XIANZAIHAIZI5SUIDUO,10YINEIDEJISUANHAINONGBUSHUNLIU,5YINEIDEJISUANCAIMIANQIANG,TINGSHUOYINIANJIZHISHAOYAOHUI20YINEIDEJIAJIANFA,ERQIEDABUFENHAIZIDOUHUI50YINEIDEJIAJIANFA,SHENZHIYOUXUEXIAORUGUOHAIZIMENDABUFENDOUHUI50YINEIDEJIAJIANFA,HUIHENKUAIGUODUDAO100YINEIJIAJIANFA。ZAIZHEIDUANDUANDEJIGEYUELI,DAODIZENYANGBANGZHUHAIZITIGAOJISUANNENGLINI?

WODEHAIZIYEMIANLINYOUSHENGXIAOWENTI,DANZUOWEI80HOUDEFUMU,WOMENNEIYIBEIDEHENDUOFANGFAXUYAOJISHIGENGXINCAINENGSHIYINGHAIZIDEXUYAO。

DAIZHEGAIZENYANGKEXUEDEBANGZHUHAIZITIGAOJISUANNENGLIDEYIWEN,WOZIXUNLESHENBIANJIWEIJINGYANFENGFUDESHUXUEJIAOSHI。JINGGUOSHIJIAN,KEXUEDEYINDAOFANGFAQUESHINENGDADAOSHIBANGONGBEIDEXIAOGUO。

首先得了解计算能力到底重要吗?

趣发彩票 HAOWUYIWEN,JISUANNENGLISHISHUXUEDEJICHU,JISUANNENGLIHAOYOULIYUSHUXUEXUEXI,ZHANGDAHOUHAIHUIFEICHANGLIYUHAIZIDEGONGZUOHESHENGHUO。

趣发彩票 JUTIDAOYANQIANDESHUXUEXUEXI,HAOCHUSHIFEICHANGZHIJIEDE:

JISUANNENGLIQIANGRANGHAIZIYOUJUEDUIDEXINLIYOUSHI。BIRUXIAOXUE1、2NIANJIYIKAISHIDOUSHIKOUSUANTI,SUHUASHUO“HAODEKAISHISHICHENGGONGDEYIBAN”。RUGUOHAIZIXIEDEYOUKUAIYOUHAO,HUIGENGYOUXINXINWANGXIAZUO;DANRUGUOYIKAISHIJIUBUHUIZUO,JIUHUIYINGXIANGXINXIN,ZUODEMANYOUHUIYINGXIANGJIEXIALAIDEZHENGTISUDU。

趣发彩票 YOUBIRUSHUO,BEIJINGMOUNIANDEXIAOSHENGCHUKAOSHI,RUGUOBAZUOWANSUOYOUSHUXUETIXUYAODEBUZHOUSHUJIAQILAI,DAGAI600BU,RUGUOMEIYIBUJIESHENGYIMIAOZHONGSHIJIAN,ZHENGGESHIJUANWANCHENGJIUNENGJIESHENGCHU10FENZHONG,ERWANGWANGZHEI10FENZHONGNENGDUIKAOSHICHENGJIYOUXIANZHUYINGXIANG。

虽说计算能力重要,但是引导孩子需要“顺势”而为

HAIZIDEJISUANNENGLI,YIBANHUIJINGLI“XIASUAN——MENGSUAN——QIAOSUAN——SUSUAN——SHUGAN”DEGUOCHENG,ZHEISHIYIGEXUNXUJIANJINDEGUOCHENG,BUKEJIYUQIUCHENG。

趣发彩票 GENJUCHUANTONGDEFANGFA,WOMENJIAOHAIZIJISUANQUFACAIPIAODESHIRANGTAMENBANSHOUZHI、JIANGJIEYUANLIDENGFANGFA,DANSHIYIZHIBANSHOUZHIHUIYINGXIANGSUDU,ERJIANGJIEYUANLITAICHOUXIANG,DUIYUHAICHUYUJUXIANGSIWEIDEHAIZIBUTAISHIYONG;

趣发彩票 HAIYOUDETONGGUOYIXIEBEISONGKOUJUEDEZHUXINSUANDENGFANGFATIGAOSUDU,YIDANBUJIDEKOUJUE,JIUBUHUILE,ERQIEZHEIZHONG“JIEJING”ZUIDADEWENTISHIYUXIAOXUEDEJIAOYUFANGFAXIANGMAODUN。YINWEIZHUXINSUANSHICONGGAOWEIDAODIWEIKAISHIJISUAN,ERXIAOXUESHUXUEJIAOXUESHICONGDIWEIDAOGAOWEIDEJISUAN。GENJULAOSHIMENDEJINGYAN,ZHEIZHONGSUANLISHANGDEMAODUNHUIDAOZHITIQIANXUEXIZHUXINSUANDEHAIZINAZHONGFANGFADOUYONGBUHAODEQINGKUANG。

HESUOYOUQITAZHISHIDEXUEXIYIYANG,JISUANNENGLIDEPEIYANGYEYAOYONGFUHEHAIZIFAZHANTEDIANDEFANGFA,CAIHUIYOUBIJIAOHAODEXIAOGUO。

趣发彩票 ZHEIGEJIEDUANDEHAIZI,HAICHUYUJUXIANGSIWEIJIEDUAN,XUEXISHIYOUZHUYILIRONGYIFENSAN、ZHUANZHUSHIJIANBUZHANGDENGTEDIAN,SUOYIKEYISHIYONG“SHUXINGJIEHE+JIANGGUSHI”DENGFANGFABANGZHUHAIZILIJIE;YONG“DONGKOU+DONGSHOU”LAIDIAODONGHAIZIDEGEZHONGGANGUANCANYU;YONG“ZHIDINGMUBIAO+QINLIANXI”LAIJIASHENJIYIHELIJIE;YONGJIJI“FANKUI+GULI”LAITIGAOHAIZIDEJIJIXINGHEXUEXINAIXIN。

符合孩子发展规律的计算能力培养,可以从以下几个步骤着手:

DIYIBU:HUISHUBINGLIJIE10YINEIDESHUHE10YISHANG20YINEIDESHU

DUIYU10YINEIDESHU,JUTIXUYAOZUODAO:

趣发彩票 (1) NENGJIANG“SHU”YU“LIANG”DUIYING,LIJIE“SHU”BIAOSHIDEHANYI

(2) LIANXISHUSHU,BIRURANGHAIZICONGYIPENPUTAOZHONGSHUCHU“6”KE

(3) NENG“YIYANKANQING,BINGBAOCHUSHU”。BIRUSHENCHU4GENZHITOU,KANYIYANJIUNENGSHUOCHUSHI4GEN,ERBUYONGBAIZHEYIGEYIGESHU。

趣发彩票 SHUXILEYIZHISHOUDESHULIANGHOU,KEYI2GE2GESHU、3GE3GESHU、5GE5GESHUDEFANGFATIGAOSHUSHUDESUDU。

趣发彩票 “YIYANNENGBAOSHU”DENENGLIKEYIYOUXIAOBANGZHUHAIZITISHENGJISUANSUDU。

(4) ZAIYISHANGDEJICHUSHANG,DUOLIANXI10YINEIDEJIAJIANFA。

趣发彩票 DUIYU10YISHANGDESHU,MUDESHIWEILERANGHAIZICHUBUYOU“SHUWEI”DEGAINIAN。

DANSHIZHEIGEGAINIANDELIJIE,BINGBUSHIGAOSUHAIZI“GEWEI”“SHIWEI”CHOUXIANGDEGAINIAN,KEYITONGGUO“JIANGGUSHI”HE“SHIWUCAOZUO”BANGZHUHAIZILIJIE。

BIRUWOMENJIAHAIZIKANGUOWAIPOJIASHOUGANZHE,TAHENXIHUANCHIGANZHE。

(1)WOMENKEYIBIANYIGEGUSHI:“WAIPOJIASHOULEHENDUOGANZHE,GANZHEFANGZHEHENLUAN,WAIPOYEBUZHIDAOYIGONGSHOULEDUOSHAOGEN,WOMENXIANGGEBANFABANGWAIPOZHENGLIHAOGANZHE,BINGYONGKUAIJIEDEFANGFABANGZHUWAIPOSHUQINGCHUYOUDUOSHAOGEN。”HAIZIHUITIYIBANGCHENGYIKUNYIKUN,DANSHIDUOSHAOYIKUNNI,ZHEIGESHIHOUKEYITISHIHAIZI“10GENYIKUNSHIZUIFANGBIANJISUANDE”——YIDINGYAOMINGQUEDEBA“YOU10ZUIHAOSUAN”ZHEIGEGAINIANGAOSUHAIZI,YISHIYOU10QUESHIGENGHAOSUAN,ERSHIWEIYIHOUDE“COUSHI”“POSHI”DAJICHU。

(2)GOUMAIYIXIEERTONGSHUSHUYONGDEXIAOGUN,RANGHAIZIYONGSHIWUXUEXIHELIJIE。

趣发彩票 KEYIGOUMAIBUTONGYANSEDEXIAOGUN,10GENYIKUN,MEIKUNSHIYIZHONGYANSE。

趣发彩票 WENHAIZI“10GENYIKUN,ZAILAI1KUNSHIJIGEN?”,RANGHAIZISHU。

LEISIDEWENTIDUOWENJIGE,BANGZHUHAIZIZONGJIE:1KUNDUIYINGDESHI10GEN,JIKUNJIUSHIJISHIGEN。

ZAIWENHAIZI:“10GENSHIYIKUN,ZAILAI3GENSHIDUOSHAOGEN?”,RANGHAIZISHU。

XIEXIAHAIZISHUCHUDESHUZI13,XIANGHAIZIJIESHI“13”BIAOSHISHENMENI?

1DUIYINGDESHI1KUN,3BIAOSHIDESHI3GEN。CISHIKEYIZAI“13”PANGBIANHUACHU1KUNHE3GENDETUXING。

名师经验:有效提升儿童幼升小计算能力的具体方法

LIJIESHU:KUNHEGEN

DIERBU:CHAISHU

MUDE:RANGHAIZIJIANLI“ZHENGTI”HE“BUFEN”DEGAINIAN

RANGHAIZILIANXI10YINEIDECHAISHU,KEYIHUACHULAIRANGHAIZITIANXIE,TIANHAOLEZHIHOUFANFUNIANCHULAI:

趣发彩票 BIRU5KEYIFENCHENG2HE3;5KEYIFENCHENG3HE2;2HE3KEYIHECHENG5;3HE2KEYIHECHENG5。

FANFUDENIANKEYIBANGZHUHAIZITIGAO“SHUGAN”

名师经验:有效提升儿童幼升小计算能力的具体方法

CHAISHU

DISANBU:XUEXIJIAJIANFA

TONGGUOSHANGYIBUDE“CHAISHU”RANGHAIZILIJIE“JIA”HE“JIAN”DEHANYI。

QINGDIANJICICHUSHURUTUPIANMIAOSHU“JIA”BIAOSHIBAJIGE“BUFEN”HEZAIYIQI;

趣发彩票 “JIAN”BIAOSHICONGYIGE“ZHENGTI”ZHONGNAZOUYI“BUFEN”。

名师经验:有效提升儿童幼升小计算能力的具体方法

趣发彩票 DISIBU:JIANYANHAIZISHIFOUMINGBAILE“JIAJIANFA”

FANGFAYI:LUNLIUJIANGGUSHI。RUGUOHAIZIMINGBAILE“JIAJIANFA”DEHANYI,TASHINENGGOUJIANGCHUGUSHIDE。BIRUWOJIAHAIZIXIHUANDONGWU,TAJIUHUIJIANGXIAOHELIYOU8ZHIXIAOYAZI,YAMAMAZAIANBIANJIAOXIAOYAZICHIWANFAN,5ZHIXIAOYAZIYOUHUIJIALE,CHITANGLIHAIYOU3ZHIJIXUWANSHUA。NIKEYIZAITAJIANGWANZHIHOULEYIGESUANSHI。

JIEXIALAI,NIKEYIJIANGYIGEGUSHI,RANGHAIZIXIECHUSUANSHI。

趣发彩票 FANGFAER:YONGSHIWUBAI。DONGSHOUBAISHIWUKEYIBACHOUXIANGGUOCHENGBIANCHENGJUXIANGGUOCHENG,RANGHAIZIJIASHENLIJIE。

DIWUBU:LIANXI10YISHANGBUJINWEIJIAJIAN,YIJI10YISHANGJINTUIWEIJIAJIAN。

(1)10YISHANGBUJINWEIJIAJIANFA

YAOJIEHE“KUN”HE“GEN”LAIXUEXI。

BIRU12+5=?,KEYINACHU1KUN(BUCHAIKAI)HE2GEN(SANKAIBAIPING),ZAINACHU5GEN(SANKAIBAIPING),RANGHAIZIXIANJIANGSANZHEDEJIAZAIYIQI,SHUYISHUZONGSHU,ZAIDENGHAOHOUMIANXIANXIEXIA7,NEISHIBUSHIZHIYOU7GENNI,BUSHIDE,HAIYOU1KUN,ZHEIGE1KUNZHIQIANXUEGUO,DAIBIAO10,JIUZAI7QIANMIANXIESHANG1,JIUSHI17。

JIANFATONGLI,SHOUXIANGAOSUHAIZI“JIAN”SHI“NAZOU”DEYISI,YEYAOCONGSANDE“GEN”ZHONGNAZOU,ERBUSHICONG“KUN”ZHONGNAZOU,YINWEIJIEKAINEI“KUN”BUFANGBIAN。

(2)10YISHANGJINTUIWEI,SHEJIDAO“COUSHI”HE“POSHI”

趣发彩票 “COUSHI”ZENMEJIAO?

趣发彩票 SHOUXIANRANGHAIZIJIZHU“YOU10GENGHAOSUAN”DEGAINIAN。

趣发彩票 XIANRANGHAIZIJISUAN“10+1”“10+2”“10+3”“10+4”“10+5”…….HAIZIHUIJUEDEHENJIANDAN。ZHEISHIZAICHUYIDAO“9+2=?”,HAIZIKENENGHUIYILENG,CISHINIKEYIHEHAIZIYIQIFAXIANGUILV,YUANLAI“YOU10GENGHAOSUAN”。

NEIME9+2=?

DIYICISHIYONGXIAOMUGUNCAIZUO,FENBIEBAICHU9GENHE2GEN,BA2GENZHONGDEYIGENNUODAO9ZHEIBIAN,BANGZHU9COUCHENG10,RANHOUBAZHEIGEGUANXIXIECHULAI,RANGHAIZINAOHAILI“SHUXINGJIEHE”。

趣发彩票 DIERCIJIUKEYIZHIJIEYONGXIECHULAIDEFANGSHIBANGZHUHAIZIXUEXI“COUSHI”,JUTIRUXIATU:

 

名师经验:有效提升儿童幼升小计算能力的具体方法

趣发彩票 (3)“POSHI”ZENMEJIAO?

DIYICIRENGRANXIANYONGSHIWULIJIE。

趣发彩票 LIRU11-9=?

XIANNACHU1KUNHE1GEN,JIEZHEQIANGDIAO“JIAN”SHINAZOUDEYISI。WEILEFANGBIAN,WOMENKEYICONG1KUNZHONGNAZOU9GEN,SANZHEDE1GENFANGZAIYIBIAN。NAZOU9GENHOUSHENGXIA1GEN,ZAIJIASHANGZHEI1GEN,YIGONGJIUSHI2GEN。

趣发彩票 ZHEIGEGUOCHENGYIDINGRANGHAIZIZIJICAOZUO,BIANYULIJIE。

JIEZHEKEYIBAZHEIGEGUOCHENGXIEXIALAI,JUTIRUXIATU:

名师经验:有效提升儿童幼升小计算能力的具体方法

RUGUOBAYISHANGBUZHOUZUODAOWEI,PINGSHIDUOLIANXI,HAIZIYOUSHENGXIAO20YINEIJIAJIANFADEJIBENJISUANNENGLIJIUMEIYOUWENTILE。

在整个学习过程中,要强调的是:需要积极正面的反馈,和持续的鼓励。

DUIHAIZILAISHUO,FANKUIHEGULIJIUXIANGJIJIXINGDEYANGFEN,KEYIZIRUNHAIZIDEXIN,JITADAILAIXINGQUHEDONGLI。

NIKENENGYEFAXIANLE,CISHIDEHAIZIKENENGXUYAODEJIJIFANKUIBINGBUSHECHI,YOUYIJURENKEDEYUYAN,YIGEXIHUANDETIEHUA,TAJIUHUIHENKAIXIN。SUOYIWOMENKEYIGENJUHAIZIDETEDIAN,XIANGYIXIEFANGFAJIFAHAIZIDEJIJIXING,BIRUMEICIZUODUIJIYIXIEXIAOTIEZHI,JIQIYITAOKEYIJIYIGEDAYIXIEDEJIANGLI;HUOZHEMEICIJIYIGEWUJIAOXING,JIQIYIDINGSHULIANGDEWUJIAOXINGKEYIDUIHUANYIGELIPINDENGDENG。

ZONGZHI,JISUANNENGLIHENZHONGYAO,JIAOJIHAIZIYAOFANGFA,TONGGUOKEXUEDEFANGFA,HAIZIYIDINGNENGGOUBIJIAOHAODEZHANGWO。

本文标签:方法儿童提升名师能力幼升经验有效具体计算能力

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