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——幼儿的自我中心思维

来源:儿童网 人气: 发布时间:2020-06-17
几个小故事 小班的绘画课 今天,小班美术课的主题是自由画,老师让小朋友们自由地画自己想画的东西。他们画完之后,纷纷把自己的作品拿给老师看,还争先恐后地

小班的绘画课  

JINTIAN,XIAOBANMEISHUKEDEZHUTISHIZIYOUHUA,LAOSHIRANGXIAOPENGYOUMENZIYOUDIHUAZIJIXIANGHUADEDONGXI。TAMENHUAWANZHIHOU,FENFENBAZIJIDEZUOPINNAJILAOSHIKAN,HAIZHENGXIANKONGHOUDISHUOZIJIHUALESHENME,LAOSHIFAXIAN:LILIHUALEYIZHIMISHIDEMAYI,KESHITABANEIZHIMAYIHUADEBIPANGBIANDEXIAOSHUHAIDA;LELEHUADEBABA,TUIYOUCUYOUZHANG,TOUHEGEBOQUEFEICHANGDUANXIAO;XIAOYEZIHUADEXIAOPENGYOU,SHENTISHANGYOUSIGEDADADEQUANQUAN,LAOSHIWENLECAIZHIDAO:YUANLAINEIXIEQUANQUANSHIYIFUDENIUKOU……

奇怪的对话  

XIAMIANSHI3SUIDEJIAJIAHESHUSHUDEDUIHUA。  

JIAJIA:“SHUSHU,TAPASHANGLENIDEQICHE,HAIYONGZHUAZIZHUACHE。”  

SHUSHU:“SHENME?”  

趣发彩票 JIAJIABASHUSHUDAICHUQU,ZHIZHEQICHEDINGBUDEYIGEGUAHENSHUO:“NIKAN。”  

SHUSHU:“JIAJIA,ZHEISHISHEIGANDE?”  

趣发彩票 JIAJIA:“BUSHIWO。”  

SHUSHUXIAOZHESHUO:“WOZHIDAOBUSHINI,KESHIZHEIGEGUAHENSHIZENMELAIDENI?”  

趣发彩票 JIAJIA:“TAPASHANGLENIDEQICHE,YONGZHUAZIZHUACHULAIDE。”  

SHUSHU:“SHEI?”  

趣发彩票 JIAJIAWANGLEWANGSIZHOU,ZHIZHEYIZHICHUANYUEJIEDAODEMAOSHUO:“TAZAINEIER。”  

趣发彩票 SHUSHU:“E,SHIMAOA!NEINIWEISHENMEYIKAISHIBUGAOSUWONI?”  

趣发彩票 JIAJIA:“WOSHUOLEA!”

接趣发彩票的安安  

趣发彩票 JIALIDEQUFACAIPIAOXIANGLE,MAMAZAIZUOFAN,JIURANG4SUIDEANANBANGMANGJIEYIXIAQUFACAIPIAO。ANANNAQIQUFACAIPIAO,YUANLAISHIBABADAGUOLAIDE:“WEI,SHIANANMA?”ANANDIANLEDIANTOU,MEISHUOHUA。BABAMEIYOUTINGDAOSHUOHUASHENG,GANJUEYINGGAISHIANAN,JIUWEN:“ANAN,MAMAZAIMA?”ANANYOUWUSHENGDIDIANLEDIANTOU。BABAYOUWEN:“ANAN,RANGMAMAJIEYIXIAQUFACAIPIAOHAOMA?”ANANZAIYICIWUSHENGDIDIANLEDIANTOU,RANHOUQUCHUFANGJIAOMAMATINGQUFACAIPIAO。

为什么会这样  

趣发彩票 SHISHISHANG,SHANGSHUJIGEXIAOGUSHIZHONGDEYOUERJUYOUYIGEXIANGTONGDESIWEITEDIAN,XINLIXUESHANGCHENGZHIWEI:ZIWOZHONGXIN。“ZIWOZHONGXIN”BINGFEIWOMENTONGCHANGSUOSHUODE“ZISIZILI”,ERSHIYOUERXINLIXUEZHONGDEYIGESHUYU,JIYOUERCHANGCHANGYILAIYUZIJIDEXIANGFAERFEISHIWUDEKEGUANTEDIAN,JINCONGZIJIDEJIAODUQUGUANCHAHERENSHIWAIBUSHIJIE,RENWEIMEIGERENKANDAODESHIJIEDOUHEZIJIKANDAODEYIYANG。XINLIXUEJIAPIYAJIECENGJUGUOZHEIYANGYIGELIZI:LIANGGENANHAIQUJIMAMAMAISHENGRILIWU,7SUIDENANHAIXUANLEYICHUANZHUBAOGONGYIPIN,3SUIBANDENANHAIZEXUANZELEYILIANGXIAOQICHE,XIAOXINDIBAOZHUANGHAOSONGJIMAMA。KEYIKANCHUZHEIGE3SUIBANNANHAIDEXINGWEIJIUSHI“ZIWOZHONGXIN”DE,YINWEITAMEIYOUKAOLVDAOMAMADEXINGQUYUZIJIDEXINGQUBINGBUXIANGTONG,DANGRANZHEIBINGBUSHIZISI。CIWAI,YOUERDEZIWOZHONGXINSIWEIYUFANLINGLUNSIWEI、QIANYINGUOSIWEI、JUTIXINGXIANGSIWEI、ZHIJUESIWEIDENGDOUSHIFENBUKAIDE。  

第一个故事中小班的幼儿总是按照自己所看到的形象来画画,例如,丽丽在观察觅食的蚂蚁时,她只关注蚂蚁,而忽视周围其他的东西,因此蚂蚁就是她眼中最重要、最大的形象;乐乐的爸爸工作忙,很少蹲下来陪乐乐玩,矮小的乐乐看到的趣发彩票的是爸爸的腿走来走去,所以乐乐的画中爸爸的腿占身体的比例特别大;而小叶子知道衣服是穿在身体上的,所以就直接在身体部位画了圈圈来代表纽扣,而且认为其他人也知道这是纽扣。  

第二个故事趣发彩票中的对话让我们觉得很奇怪,佳佳和叔叔的沟通似乎存在问题,这是为什么呢?事实上佳佳看到了猫在汽车上抓出痕迹,她设想叔叔也和自己一样知道是猫抓的,所以一开始佳佳只说“它”爬上了汽车,还用爪子抓车,她以为叔叔知道自己在说猫。这也是由佳佳自我中心的思维方式导致的。 

第三个小故事趣发彩票中安安的反应也是自我中心的,因为她在用点头回答爸爸的问题时,没有考虑到爸爸是看不到自己的。这是幼儿自我中心思维的一个典型表现。

心理学家怎么说

XINLIXUEJIAPIYAJIETONGGUOYIXILIESHIYANFAXIANLEYOUERZIWOZHONGXINDESIWEITEDIAN,RUZHUMINGDE“SANSHANSHIYAN”,BUJINZHENGSHILEYOUERJUTIXINGXIANGXINGDESIWEITEDIAN,YESHUOMINGLEYOUERJINHUIGENJUZIJIKANDAODEERFEICONGWANOUWAWADEJIAODUJINXINGXUANZEDETEDIAN,ZHEIBIAOMINGYOUERHAIBUHUIZHANZAIBIERENDELICHANGSHANGLAIGUANCHAXIANXIANG、FENXIWENTI。CIWAI,HAIYOUYIXIEJINGDIANDESHIYANYEBIAOXIANCHUYOUERZIWOZHONGXINDESIWEITEDIAN。

PIYAJIEGUANYUYOUERZIWOZHONGXINSIWEIDESHIYAN  

ZAIPIYAJIEDEYIGEYANJIUZHONG,SHIYANZHEJIANGYIGENANMUOUHEYIGENVMUOUXUANGUAZAIYITIAOSHENGZISHANG,NANMUOUZAIYOUCE、NVMUOUZAIZUOCE,BINGRANGYOUERQINGCHUDIKANDAO;RANHOUSHIYANZHEYISHOUNAZHESHENGZIDEYITOU,ZOUDAOYIGEPINGMUDEHOUMIAN,RANGYOUERZANSHIKANBUDAOZHEILIANGGEWANOU,ZHEISHI,SHIYANZHERANGERTONGLAIYUCE:RUGUOSHIYANZHEXIANGYOULASHENGZI,NAYIGEMUOUHUISHOUXIANCHUXIAN。YOUERZUOCHUHUIDAHOU,SHIYANZHEYOUBAMUOUZANGDAOPINGMUHOUMIAN,ZHONGFUWENXIANGTONGDEWENTI:“RUGUOZAIXIANGTONGYICEYIDONG,NAYIGEMUOUSHOUXIANCHULAI?”ZHEIGECHENGXUZHONGFULEJICI,MEIYICIYOUERDEHUIDADOUFEICHANGZHENGQUE:NANMUOU。  

DANSHIYANHOULAIFASHENGDESHIQINGRANGRENCHIJING:YOUERZUIHOUZUOCHULEXIANGFANDE、MINGXIANCUOWUDEYUCE!ZHEISHI,YANJIUZHEWENYOUERWEISHENMEYUCESHINVMUOUXIANCHULAI,YIGEZUIPUBIANDEHUIDASHI:“MEIYICIDOURANGNANMUOUSHOUXIANCHULAIBUGONGPING,XIANZAIGAILUNDAONVMUOULE。”  

ZHEIGESHIYANSHUOMINGYOUERJIANGZIJIDUIGONGPINGDERENSHIZHURULESHIYANHUANJING,BIAOMINGLEQIZIWOZHONGXINDESIWEIGUOCHENG。

给幼儿教师的建议  

趣发彩票 ZIWOZHONGXINSHIXUEQIANQIYOUERSIWEIHERENZHIFAZHANDEBIJINGJIEDUAN,YOUERJIAOSHIZAIJIAOXUEHESHENGHUOZHONG,YAOXUANZESHIHEYOUERSIWEIFANGSHIDEJIAOXUENEIRONGHEFANGFA,JUTIJIANYIRUXIA:  

(1)JIANGZIWOZHONGXINDERENZHIWENTIYUDAODEWENTIQUBIEKAILAI。BUNENGJIANDANDIJIANGYOUERZIWOZHONGXINDEXINGWEIZHIZEWEIZISI、BUDAODEHUOXINGGEQUEXIAN,GENGBUYAOSUIYICHIZEHUOPIPINGYOUER。SHISHISHANG,ZISISHIYIZIJIWEIZHONGXINERHUSHITARENDEGUANDIAN,ERYOUERDEZIWOZHONGXINSHIBULEJIEBIERENHUIYUZIJIGUANDIANBUTONGDESHISHI。YINCI,YOUERBENSHENYEGANJUEHENWUGU:“MINGMINGWOSHIDUIDE,WEISHENMEDAJIAHAIYAOPIPINGWO?”  

(2)精心、巧妙地设计教学。例如,面对面教幼儿做操的时候,幼儿园资源网,要按照幼儿的左右方位来做动作,需要幼儿活动左手,教师就要用右手做示范;将抽象的音乐意象再现为幼儿生活经验中的场景,让幼儿可以从自己的角度欣赏曲子;教学时多提供实物和图片,尽量提供足够数量的同类型玩具、图书,避免幼儿争抢影响教学过程等。  

(3)ZUOZHONGXUEDEKEXUEHUODONG。YOUERBUNENGCONGKEXUEDEJIAODURENSHIKEGUANSHIWU,ZONGSHIXIANGXINZIJIDEXIANGFA,ZHEISHIHOU,KEYITONGGUOTIGONGFENGFUDECAILIAOHEHUANJING,RANGTAMENZIJIGUANCHA、ZIJIDONGSHOUCAOZUO,CONGERZIJITUIFANZIJIDEXIANGFA,CONGWUWOBUFENDEZHUANGTAIZHONGZHUJIANFENLICHULAI。  

趣发彩票 (4)ZHONGSHIJIAOSEYOUXIHEYIQINGXUNLIANDEJIAZHI,BANGZHUYOUERXUEXIHUANWEISIKAO。HAOWANDEJIAOSEYOUXIKEYIRANGYOUERZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIBANYANDUOZHONGJIAOSE,TIYANBUTONGJIAOSEDENEIXINSHIJIE;ERYIQINGXUNLIANKEYIRANGYOUERSIKAO“RUGUOSHIWO,WOGAIZENMEBAN”,YILEJIETARENDEQINGGAN、XUQIUHEHUODONG。  

(5)JITIYOUXIHETUANTITAOLUN。JITIYOUXIJIKEYIJIYOUERDAILAIYOUXIDEYULE,YOUKEYIYINDAOYOUERZUNSHOUGUIZE,ZAITONGBANJIAOWANGZHONGRENSHIDAOHEZUOHEFENXIANGDEZHONGYAOXING,DONGDERUHEYURENXIANGCHU。CIWAI,JITIYOUXIDESHIHOU,JIAOSHIHAIKEYIRANGYOUERTAOLUNZENMEWANGENGHAO,RANGTAMENYISHIDAOBIERENDEXIANGFAHEZIJIBUYIYANG。

本文标签:建议幼儿心理自我中心

内容编辑:xychild
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