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幼儿园卫生保健:注意孩子的生理、心理健康

来源:儿童网 人气: 发布时间:2020-07-04
幼儿园卫生保健“健康”新概念 早在1948年,联合国卫生组织在它的宪章中对“健康”作了明确的解释:“健康是指身体、心理和社会适应的健全状态,而不只是没有疾病或虚弱

YOUERYUANWEISHENGBAOJIAN:ZHUYIHAIZIDESHENGLI、XINLIJIANKANG

(一)“健康”新概念

早在1948年,联合国卫生组织在它的宪章中对“健康”作了明确的解释:“健康是指身体、心理和社会适应的健全状态,而不只是没有疾病或虚弱现象。”然而在我国,对“健康”的概念大多数人认识远比较片面。不少人认为,只要不生病就是健康。对孩子的健康认识更是如此:不生病,胖。而对心理健康,社会适应能力知之甚少。这种认识上的偏差,使我们在孩子的培养和教育上也走了些弯路,妨碍了孩子的健康成长。

趣发彩票 ZAIZHUZHONGHAIZIDESHENGLIJIANKANGFANGMIAN,WOMENDEJIAZHANGYEWANGWANGBAPANGDENGTONGYUJIANKANG,ZHEISHIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGGUANNIANZHONG,DUIHAIZIJIANKANGYUFOUHENGLIANGDEDUTEBIAOZHUN,JICUOBAPANGDANGJIANKANG,YIPANGWEIZHUANG。SUOYIHAIZIPANGCHENGWEIYIXIEJIAZHANGZHUIQIUJIANKANGDEMUBIAO,HAIZIPANGBUQILAIJUEBUSHANBAGANXIU。SUIRANJINNIANLAIRENMENDUICHENGRENFAPANGYIGANDAOWEIBISHIHAO,DANDUIHAIZIDEPANGQUEJIAOSHAOYOULV。WEILEHAIZIDEPANG,XUDUOJIAZHANGKEWEIDONGZUNAOJIN,YONGJINLESHOUDUAN,YINCIYEZHIZAOLEBUSHAOXIAOPANGDUNER,XIANDAIKEXUEDEFAZHAN,YIJINGZHENGSHI,PANGBINGBUDENGYUJIANKANG,GUODUDEFEIPANGFANERYOUHAIYUJIANKANG。YINCI,PANGBUSHIJIANKANGDEMUBIAO,WOMENZUOJIAZHANGDEBUYAOBAYANJINGDINGZAIPANGSHANG,NAOJINDONGZAIPANGSHANG。ZAISHUO,PANGYESHIJIAZUSHI,YOUDEHAIZIBUGUANNIZENMENULI,TAHAISHIPANGBUQILAI。NIKEBIEFANCHOU。

(二)心理健康与生理健康同样重要

趣发彩票 XINLIJIANKANGDEYIBANBIAOZHI JIANQUANDERENGE。RENGESHITIYIGERENDEGEXINGXINLITEZHENG。WOMENMEIGERENDOUYINXIANTIANSUZHI、SUOCHUHUANJING、WENHUAJIAOYANGYIJISHENGHUOJINGLIBUTONG,CHANGCHANGHUIBIAOXIANCHUBUTONGDEGEXINGTEDIAN。RUXIATONGDEQIZHI,BUTONGDENENGLI,BUTONGDEXINGQU、YUWANG、XINYANG、BUTONGDEXINGGEDENGDENG。ZHEIXIEXINLITEZHENGDEZONGHEBIAOXIAN,JIUBEICHENGWEIRENGE,YIGEXINLIJIANKANGDEREN,TADERENGESHIJIANQUANDE,FUHECHANGTAIDE,CHANGTAISHIZHIYIGERENDERENGUIBIAOYUFUHETONGNIANLINGSHUIZHUNDEDIANXINGXINGWEI。ERRENGEJIANQUANDEBIAOXIAN,ZHUYAOSHISHIYINGXINGQIANG,JUYOUFUHETONGLINGSHUIZHUNZHONGDEYIBANDEDIANXINGDERENGETEDIAN。JIANQUANRENGEDEJUTITEDIAN,HENDUOZHUANJIADOUZAIYANJIU,BINGCHIYOUBUTONGKANFA,DANFUHEQIJIBENGUANDIAN,ZHUYAOYOUYIXIAJIFANGMIAN。

1. LEGUAN、JINQU。RENGEJIANQUANDERENCHANGCHANGGANDAOSHENGHUOYUKUAI,DUIYUGEZHONGXUQIUSUIRANYELIQIUDEDAOMANZU,DANSHITONGQINGDALI,NENGMIANDUIXIANSHI,MEIYOUGUOGAOYAOQIU,NENGGOULEYUGONGZUO、QINFENGONGZUO。     

2. 有自制力,能控制自己的情绪。人格健全的人,同样有喜、怒、袞、乐、恐惧、苦恼、焦虑等情绪。不过一般说他们的情绪的表达有分寸,能顾及他人,顾及后果而不会过分发泄或负气。对情绪会加以合理的控制。人格健全的人,一般具有自知之明,了解自己的优缺点、能力、性格、爱好,能以此安排自己的生活、学习、工作,具有一定的自信心,能独立自主,自尊自重,在社会活动中既不自卑又不狂妄,并能自我控制,做到既有所为,小学学习网趣发彩票,又有所不为。     

3. RENSHIFUHEXIANSHI。RENGEJIANQUANDERENNENGDUIZHOUWEISHIWUYOUQINGXINGDERENSHI,JIYOUGAOYUXIANSHIDELIXIANG,YOUBUCHENMIANYUGUODUODETUOLISHIJIDEHUANXIANGZHONG,DUISHENGSHAODAZHONGDEGEZHONGWENTINENGYIQIEHESHIJIDETAIDUDUIDAI。BUTAOBIXIANSHI,YEBUYINZHUIHUIERAOSANG,NEIXINHEXIE、TONGYI,HENSHAOYOUZIWOCHONGTU。     

4. SHANYUYURENXIANGCHU。RENGEJIANQUANDERENXIYURENJIAOWANG,JINENGREQINGDAIRENYOUNENGJIESHOUBIERENDEYOUYI。DUIBIERENZUNJINGZHONG、XINREN,HENSHAOCAIYI,BUDUJI、BUYANE。     

趣发彩票 ERTONGXINLILIJIANKANGDEBIAOZHIYEYINGGAISHIJIANQUANDERENGE。YIBANXINLIJIANKANGDEYOUERYOURUXIATEDIAN:ZHILIFAYUZHENGCHANG、HAOXUE、HAOWEN、JIJIXIANGSHANG;QINGGANFENGSHI,QINGXUKAILANG。XINGDONGHUOPOERYOUYIDINGDEZIKONGNENGLI,TONGBIERENYOUHAOXIANGCHU,NENGSHIYINGJITI、SHENGHUODENG,FANZHI,ZHINENGDIXIA,JINGSHENCHIDAI,PIQIGUOYUBAOZAO,GUOFENHAODONGERBUNENGZIZHU。GUOFENGUDUERBUYUANYUBIERENJIAOWANG,GUOFENDANXIAOERJINGCHANGCHUXIANKONGJUXINLI,GUOFENLANSANERBUKENDONGSHOUDONGNAODEHAIZI,JIAZHANGYAOTEBIEJIAYIGUANZHU,YAOJINGTIQIFOUJUYOUJINGSHENHUOXINGWEIPIANYIWENTI。     

XINLIJIANKANGDEREN,YINNENGJIAOHAODESHIYINGSHEHUIHUANJING,YOULIANGHAODERENJIGUANXI,ZAIQIANGDIAOTUANDUIJINGSHEN,QIANGDIAOHEZUODEJINTIAN,TASHICHENGGONGDEZHONGYAOQIANTI,SHIRENSHENGXINGFUDEJICHU。GUOYUZIZUNSHENZHIKUANGWANG,GUOFENBEIGUANSHIWANGSHENZHIYOUSHANG,HAOCAIYI、JIDU、YANEBIERENSHENZHIBUNENGYURENHEMUXIANGCHU,QINGXUGUOYUJIDONGBUNENGZIZHI,XINGGEGUOFENGUPIERBUNENGYURENZHENGCHANGJIAOWANG,QINGGANLENGMOERDUIZHOUWEIDERENYUSHIMOBUGUANXINDEREN,ZAIYIGEJITIZHONGSHIHENNANTAORENXIHUAN,YEDEBUDAOBIERENDEHEZUOYUXIEZHU,SHIYESHANGYENANYICHENGGONG,ERZHEIXIERENZAISHENGHUOZHONG,YESHITONGKU,FANNAODUOYUHUANLE,WUXINGFUKEYAN。DANGRAN,XINLIBUJIANKANGBUNENGYUJINGSHENBINGDENGTONG,DANSHIBUJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGJIXUFAZHANERXINGCHENGJINGSHENBINGDELIZIBINGBUXIANJIAN。       

(三)家长应注意孩子的心理健康     

趣发彩票 RENDEXINLIZHUANGTAISHIZHANGQIFAZHANDEJIEGUO,YINGXIANGRENDEXINLIJIANKANGYINSUYOUHENDUO,ZHUYAOSHIYICHUANYINSU、HUANJINGYINSUHEJIAOYUYINSU。     

ZUOWEIYOUERXINLIJIANKANG,ZAIYICHUANYINSUJIDINGDEQIANTIXIA,JIATINGHUANJING,JIATINGJIAOYUYINSUZHIGUANZHONGYAO。WOMENKEYISHUO,HAIZIXINLIJIANKANGDEJINYAOCHIZHANGWOZAIJIAZHANGSHOUZHONG,JIAZHANGYINGNUWEIHAIZIDEXINLIJIANKANGCHUANGZAOYIGELIANGHAODECHENGZHANGHUANJING,BANGZHUQIJIANKANGCHENGZHANG。     

趣发彩票 DUIYOUERLAISHUO,XINGCHENGJIANKANGXINLISUOBIBEIDEJIATINGJIBENTIAOJIANSHI:CHONGFENDEFUAI、CHONGSHIDESHENGHUO、LIANGHAODEJIATINGFENWEI、YISHUDETAOYE、JIANKANGDEQUTIDENGJIFANGMIAN。      

1. CHONGFENDEFUAI。BAOHANZHETITIE、GUANXIN、AIHU、YILAIDENG,TANENGDAIJIHAIZIMANZUYUWENNUAN,TANENGSHIHAIZITIHUIDAOSHENGHUOCHONGMANXINGFUYUGUANGMING,CONGERXINQINGYUKUAI、JIJIXIANGSHANG,BINGQIEHUISHENQIEERZHENZHIDIQUAIBIEREN。AISHIBAOSHIERTONGXINLIJIANKANGFAZHANDEDONGLI。XINLIJIANKANGDEHAIZIZAITADEZHOUWEIDOUYOUSHENSHENAIZHETADEREN,RUMUQIN、FUQIN、QITAJIARENHELAOSHIDENG。YOUERZAISHOUDAOCHONGFENDEAIHOUJIANKANGCHENGZHANG,CHENGZHANGDESHILIBIBIJIESHIKESHIAIZISHIDANGDEQINGKUANGYIBUSHAOJIAN。AIBUSHIDANGZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAINIAISHANG,DUIYOUERYIWEIQIANJIU,QUEFAYANGEYAOQIU,JIEGUOZAOCHENGJIAOHENGCHENGXING、SANMANWUJI,DUIFUMUJIQITARENMOBUGUANXIN,DAOTOULAI“AI”CHENGLEWEIHAIYOUERSHENXINJIANKANGDEYINSU。SUOYIJIAZHANGDUIHAIZIDEAIBIXUYAOZUODAO“AIZHISHEN,ZEZHIQIE”,JIAIHEYANGEYAOQIUYAOXIANGJIEHE。     

趣发彩票 2. CHONGSHIDESHENGHUO,BAOHANZHEERTONGMEIRISHENGHUODENEIRONGDOUSHIFENGFUDE,BUJINSHIYINSHI,SHUIYAN,HAIYAOYOUQIARUQIFENDEXUEXI、LAODONG、YOUXI、YULE。YOUYUYOUERCHUZAIZHANGSHENTI,ZHANGZHISHI,XINGCHENGGEXINGHEGEZHONGXIGUANDESHIQI,SUOYIYOUERDEGEZHONGHUODONGDOUYINGGAISHIYOUYIDE,DUITAMENCHENGZHANGYOUHAOCHUDE。RANERMUQIANWOMENYOUXIEJIAZHANG“WANGZICHENGLONG”XINQIE,XIANZHIHAIZIYOUXI,GUODUOANPAIGEZHONGXUEXI,YIZHIHAIZIJINGSHENJINZHANG,XINGQUPIANXIA,SHENGHUONENGLICHA,YINGXIANGRENGEDEJIANQUANFAZHAN。YOUXISHICUSHIYOUERXINLIFAZHANDEYIZHONGZUIHAODEHUODONGXINGSHI,JIAZHANGQIEBUKEXIANZHI,ERQIEHAIYINGCHUANGZAOTIAOJIAN,CHANGKAIJIATINGDAMEN,RANGHAIZICHUMENQUZHAOTONGBANHUORANGTONGBANJINJIAMEN,YIQIYOUXI,CUJINSHENXINJIANKANGFAZHAN。     

趣发彩票 3. LIANGHAODEJIATINGFENWEI。SUOWEIFENWEI,JIUSHIZHIRENSUOCHUDEHUANJINGQIFENHEQINGDIAO,TASHIZAIMOUYIHUANJINGZHONGDERENMENXIANGHUYINGXIANG,XIANGHUZHIYUEGUOCHENGZHONGZAOCHENGDEMOUZHONGXINLIXUHEHUANJINGQIFEN。LIANGHAODEJIATINGFENWEINENGSHIHAIZIHUOPO、KAILANG、DAFANG、HAOXUE、CHENGSHI、QIANXUN、HEQUN、RUQI;XIANGFAN,BULIANGDEJIATINGFENWEI,ZEHUISHIHAIZIDANQIE、ZISI、JIDU、GUDU、LANDUO、XINGDONGFANGREN、BUJIANGLIMAO。YINWEIHAIZIZAISHIYINGJIATINGHUANJINGGUOCHENGZHONG,CHANGYIFUMUHEQITAJIATINGCHENGYUANWEIZUIQINJIN,ZUIZHIJIEDEMOFANGHERENSHIDUIXIANG,FUMUHEQITAJIATINGCHENGYUANDEYANSHEN、YUYANJIAOLIU、XINGWEIJUZHI、XINGGEBIAOXIAN、ZUOFENGXIGUANHEDUIHAIZIDETAIDUWANGWANGWUXINGDIJIHAIZIXINLIYIJIJIDADECIJIHEQISHI,BINGZAISHIYINGGUOCHENGZHONG,XINGCHENGTAMENZIJIXINLIHEXINGGESHANGDETEZHENG。YINCI,JIATINGFENWEIDERUHUAISHIERTONGXINLIJIANKANGSHUIPINGDEZHONGYAOXIANGGUANYINSU。JIAZHANGZAIJIATINGZHONGYAOYISHENZUOZE,SHENJIAOZHONGYUYANJIAO,YAOYOUMINZHUDEXINGWEIZUOFENG,TIAOYINGZAOHEXIEDEJIATINGQIFEN,YAOPEIYANGLEGUANXIANGSHANGDEJINGSHENFENGMAOHEGAOSHANGDESHENMEIQINGQU。      

4. YISHUDETAOYE,BAOHANZHEYIYINLE、MEISHU、WENXUEDENGXINGSHITAOYEERTONGDEQINGXUHEXINGGE,SHIERTONGDERENGEHUODEJIANQUAN、HEXIEDIFAZHAN,YOUYUYINLESHIXINGXIANGHUADEJUTICIJI,ERTONGGENGYIJIENONGSHOU。JIANKANGDEYINLENENGGOUDIAOJIEERTONGDEQINGXU,TAOYEERTONGDEQINGCAO,NENGSHITONGKUZHEKUAILE,DANQIEZHEYONGGAN,DAIZHIZHEHUOPO。JIAZHANGYINGGAIGENJUXUYAOJINGCHANGJIHAIZITINGHUOHUANKUAI,HUOROUHE,HUOJIANDINGDEYINLE,SHIERTONGXINGCHENGHUOPO、YUKUAI、WENDING、YONGGANDEXINGGE。MEISHUZHUYAOSHIZAOXINGHESECAIDEYISHU。TADEJUTIXINGXIANGXING,ZAITAOYEERTONGQINGCAO,FAZHANERTONGZHINENGSHANGYOUXIANZHUDEXIAOGUO。JIHAIZIDUERTONGWENXUEZUOPIN,YESHISHIFENSHOUHAIZIQUFACAIPIAODE,TANEIYINRENRUSHENGDENEIRONGJIYOUMEIDONGTINGDEYISHUYUYAN,NENGSHIHAIZIZENGZHANGZHISHI。MINGBIANSHIFEI、FAZHAN。     

趣发彩票 5. JIANKANGDESHENTI。SHIERTONGXINLIJIANKANGDESHENGLIJICHU。SUIRANQUTIDEJIANKANGTONGXIANTIANDETIAOJIANYOUGUAN,DANSHIHOUTIANDEBAOHUHEDUANLIANYESHISHIFENZHONGYAODE。YAOSHIERTONGDERENGEHUODEJIANQUANDEFAZHAN,JIUBIXUTONGSHISHIERTONGYOUJIANKANGDEQUTI。

本文标签:心理健康孩子生理

内容编辑:xychild
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