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幼儿心理健康教育的尝试

来源:儿童网 人气: 发布时间:2019-11-12
《幼儿园教育指导纲要》明确规定:幼儿园必须把保护幼儿的生命和促进幼儿的健康放在工作的首位,树立正确的健康观念,在重视幼儿身体健康的同时,要高度重视幼

《YOUERYUANJIAOYUZHIDAOGANGYAO》MINGQUEGUIDING:YOUERYUANBIXUBABAOHUYOUERDESHENGMINGHECUJINYOUERDEJIANKANGFANGZAIGONGZUODESHOUWEI,SHULIZHENGQUEDEJIANKANGGUANNIAN,ZAIZHONGSHIYOUERSHENTIJIANKANGDETONGSHI,YAOGAODUZHONGSHIYOUERDEXINLIJIANKANG。

一、积极建构良好的学习生活环境

(YI)CHUANGSHEYOUMEIDEJIAOSHIHUANJING。SUHUOMULINSIJISHUOGUO:“LIYONGYIQIEKEYILIYONGDETIAOJIANLAISHISHIJIAOYU,SHENZHIRANGMEIKUAIQIANGBIDOUHUISHUOHUA。”WEILERANGYOUERBAOCHIYUKUAIDEXINQING,WOMENZAILOUTI、GUODAOZHANGTIE、XUANGUALE“XIAOLIAN、QIANSHOU、DAMUZHI”TUBIAO,ZHANGTIELE“ZHUDONGZHAOHUNIHAOBANG”、“QINGQINGSHUOHUANIHAOBANG”DENGJILIXINGDEHUAYU,HAIJIANGYOUERPINGSHISHENGHUOZHONGDEDIANDIBIAOXIANPAICHENGLEZHAOPIAN,ZHANGTIEZAIJIAOSHI、ZOULANGDENGYOUERXIANERYIJIANDEDIFANG。TONGSHI,KAISHE“WAWAJIA”,BUZHI“XINQINGQIANG”、“QIAOQIAOHUAJIAO”,JIYUYOUERCHONGFENSHUFAQINGGAN,ZENGJINJIAOWANGDEKONGJIAN,RANGHAIZIMENCHANSHENGANQUANGAN、YUYUEGAN,GANSHOUDAOZIJIJIUSHIYOUERYUANDEZHUREN。

(二)构建健康的心理环境。教师每天站在门口主动招呼、迎接幼儿;在日常活动中经常对幼儿笑一笑、抱一抱、摸一摸,以动作、表情等各种方式向幼儿表示亲近、爱抚和鼓励,增强幼儿自身的安全感和对老师的信任感,从而消除孩子的不良情绪。在课堂上常常是一些优秀生唱主角,他们踊跃发言、积极表现。而有些幼儿只能默默无闻、谨小慎微,甘当陪衬,甚至是“反面角色”。其实每一位幼儿都希望自己被关注、被欣赏。做教师的应毫不吝啬的对幼儿鼓励表扬,经常给幼儿输人一些积极的语言,如:“没关系,小学学习网,再试一试”,“你的小手真灵巧,画的画真美”“你的回答真棒”……让幼儿在教师的赞美中拥有自信的力量。

二、开展多元化的心理健康教育活动

(YI)ZAIZHUTIJIAOXUEHUODONGZHONGSHENTOUXINYULINIAN。GENJUYOUERSHENXINFAZHANDETEDIANHESHIJIXUYAO,TONGGUOYOUJIZHENGHEYUYAN、SHEHUI、YINLEDENGLINGYUDEJIAOYUNEIRONG,ZAIXUEKEZHONGWAJUEXINLIJIAOYUDESUCAI,ZHAZHASHISHIKAIZHANYOUERXINLIJIANKANGJIAOYU。RUTONGGUODUIWENXUEZUOPIN《WEIXIAO》DEXINSHANG、XUEXIHELIJIE,RANGHAIZIGANSHOUWEIXIAOJIUSHITUANJIEYOUAI,TANENGJIBIERENHEZIJIDAILAIKUAILE;TONGGUOYUYAN《KUAILEDEXIAOHUAZI》、《LUOBUHUILAILE》DENGYINDAOYOUERTIYANGUANXINAIHUTARENSUOHUODEDEXINGFUGANHEKUAILEGAN,XUEHUIGUANXINTAREN,MENGFAHUAIQINGGAN;ZAISHOUZUKOUBINGQIJIAN,GEGENIANLINGDUANYI《XIXIXIAOSHOUZHENGANJING》WEIZHUTI,KAIZHANLEYOUGUANSHOUZUKOUBINGDECHUANBOHEYUFANGDEZHISHIHUODONG,YINDAOYOUERZHENGQUEDUIDAISHOUZUKOUBING,JIAOYUYOUERZHUYIGERENWEISHENGJIYINSHIWEISHENG,YUFANGJIBINGDEFASHENG;TONGGUOTIYUYOUXIPEIYANGYOUERDEJIANCHI,RENNAI、YONGGANJIJIANCHIBUXIE;TONGGUOSHEHUIHUODONGDUIYOUERJINXINGXIANGGUANDETONGQINGXINHEKANGCUOZHEJIAOYU,YINDAOYOUERGUANXINTAREN,LEYUYUTARENJIAOWANGJIJIJIXIANGSHANGDESHENGHUOTAIDU。

(ER)ZAIYOUXIHUODONGZHONGRONGHEXINLIJIANKANGJIAOYU。DUSHENGZINVQUEFATONGXIONGDIJIEMEIYIJIHEQITAXIAOPENGYOUYIQISHENGHUODEJINGYAN,BUDONGDEFENXIANGHEJIAOLIU,YIQIEDOUYIZIWOWEIZHONGXIN,ERYOUXIHUODONGGAIBIANLEZHEIYIXIANXIANG。HUODONGZHONG,TAMENHUXIANGJIDUIFANGDAJIAN“JIAOSHOUJIA”,ZAIHUXIANGMOFANGZHE、BISHIZHE、SHANGLIANGZHE,ZAICHONGTUHEHEZUOZHONG,JIAOWANGNENGLIYURIJUZENG。ZAI《WAWAJIA》《XIAOYIYUAN》《CHENGQICHE》《LIFADIAN》DENGJIAOSEYOUXIZHONG,YOUERTONGGUODUIYOUXIZHUTIDEQUELI、JIAOSEDEXUANZE、QINGJIEDEFAZHAN,ZHUJIANRENSHILEZIWO,XUEHUILEKONGZHIZIWOJIRUHEYUTONGBANYOUHAOXIANGCHU,GANSHOUKUAILE,TIYANHEZUODEYUYUE,TIGAOLEHEZUONENGLI,ZIWOYISHIDEDAOLELIANGHAODEFAZHAN。ZHENDUIRENXING、GUPIYOUERDEXINLIWENTI,CAIYONG“YOUXIZHILIAO”DEFANGFA,CHUANGSHEQUWEIXINGQIANGDEJITIHEZUOYOUXI,YINDAOYOUERDEXINGWEI,SHUDAOYOUERDEXINLI,SHOUDAOJIAOHAODEXIAOGUO。

三、拓展家庭、社区教育资源

趣发彩票 (YI)JIAYUANJIJIHEZUO。TONGGUO“JIAYUANLIANXILAN、KEXUEYUERZHUANLAN、KAIFANGRI、ZHUANJIAJIANGZUO”DENGXINGSHIXIANGJIAZHANGXUANCHUANXINLIJIANKANGJIAOYUDEZHISHI,RANGJIAZHANGDUIXINLIJIANKANGYOUYIGECHUBUDERENSHI。TONGGUO“JIAYUANDIAOCHAWENJUAN、JIATINGJIAOYUSHALONG”DENGLEJIEYOUERZAIJIADEBIAOXIAN,JIAOLIUYUERXINXI,GAIBIANJIATINGJIAOYUFANGSHI。DUIYUYOUXINLIZHANGAI、XINGWEIGUAIYIDEWENTIYOUER,JIANLIGEANFENXIHEZHUIZONGGUANCHAZHIDU,JISHIJILUWENTIHAIZIPIANYIXINGWEI,XIETONGJIAZHANGCAIQUJIJIDEFANGFA,ZHIDINGCUOSHI,KAIZHANXINLIJIANKANGJIAOYU。

(ER)LIYONGSHEQUZIYUANKAIZHANXILIEHUODONG。WOYUANZHOUBIANSHEQUZIYUANFENGFUDUOCAI,XIAOQU、CAICHANG、CHAOSHI、YINXING、LIFADIAN、ZHONGXIAOXUEXIAODENGFENBUZAISIZHOU,DOUNENGCHENGWEIWOMENKAIZHANZHUTIHUODONGDEHUOJIAOCAI。ZAI“WOSHIHUANBAOXIAOWEISHI”HUODONGZHONG,ZUZHIYOUERDAOXIAOQU、GONGYUAN、GUANGCHANGDENGDIJIANSHIBAISELAJI,RANGYOUERZAIQINGSONG、YUKUAIDEQINGJINGXIAQUGANZHIHUANJINGDEMEILI,MENGSHENGBAOHUHUANJINGDEQINGGAN;TONGGUODAOCHAOSHIGOUWUHUODONGRANGYOUERTIYANSHENGHUO,BUJINRANGHAIZIZUOLEYIHUIXIAOZHUREN,GENGZHONGYAODESHICONGZHONGTIYANDAOLEYIZHONGBEISHEHUIJIENA、ZHONGSHIDEXIYUE;WEIRAO“WOYAOSHANGXUELE”DEZHUTIHUODONG,DAILINGYOUERDAOXIAOXUECANGUAN,YUGEGEJIEJIEGONGDUYIBENSHU,TONGSHANGYIJIEKE,ZAIKUANKUODECAOCHANGSHANGFENGYIFENG,PAOYIPAO,RANGHAIZIMENTIYANLEDANGXIAOXUESHENGDEZIWEI。

趣发彩票 YOUERXINLIJIANKANGDEYANGCHENGBUSHIYIGEYOUXI、YIGEHUODONG、YIGEGUSHIJIUNENGJIEJUEDE。TAXUYAOJIAOSHIJIANCHIBUXIEDESHENRUYANJIUHEKAIZHANGEXIANGXINLIJIANKANGJIAOYUHUODONG,YUJIATING、SHEQUJINMIPEIHE,WEIJIANQUANYOUERXINLIYUWANMEIRENGEDEXINGCHENGDAXIAJIANSHIDEJICHU!

本文标签:幼儿心理健康教育尝试

内容编辑:xychild

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